Trump’s Falsehoods on Police Shootings, Biden, Coronavirus and China

What Was Said

“We have just about the lowest mortality rate.”

This lacks evidence. It is difficult to ascertain accurate death rates for the coronavirus and compare them across countries because of differences in population, testing rates and health care systems. But based on existing data, Mr. Trump’s claim is not accurate. Out of the 20 countries most affected by the pandemic, the United States has the sixth-highest case fatality rate at 4 percent and the second highest rate of deaths per 100,000 people at 41.45, according to Johns Hopkins University.

What Was Said

“Think of this: If we didn’t do testing — instead of testing over 40 million people, if we did half the testing, we’d have half the cases. If we did another — you cut that in half, you’d have yet again half of that.”

False. The suggestion that the number of positive cases is directly proportional to the number of tests conducted is false. Ramped-up testing does not account for the recent surge in cases. The spread of the disease does.

In early June, the United States was conducting about 450,000 to 500,000 tests daily and the number of daily positive cases hovered around 20,000, for a positive rate of around 4 percent.

This month, daily testing varied from about 600,000 to 800,000. By Mr. Trump’s logic, that would roughly correlate to daily positive cases of between 24,000 and 32,000. But in reality, the number has hovered around 60,000 cases in recent days as the positive testing rate doubled to about 8 percent.

What Was Said

“These are the actual key elements of the Biden-Sanders unity platform.”

This is exaggerated. Mr. Trump was referring to recommendations put forth by six policy task forces assembled by both allies of Mr. Biden and Senator Bernie Sanders of Vermont, his rival in the Democratic primary. Some of his claims — such as saying Mr. Biden wants to reach carbon-neutrality, increase the refugee admissions cap, create a pathway for citizenship for undocumented immigrants and abolish the death penalty — were accurate. But many others were dramatized.

The recommendations include a 100-day moratorium on deportations of people already in the United States — not stopping “all deportations” indefinitely, as Mr. Trump said.