JK Rowling has said she is giving back an award associated with the US Kennedy family, after being criticised for her views on gender and trans issues.
The author was given the Ripple of Hope honour by the Robert F Kennedy Human Rights organisation last year.
But earlier this month, its president Kerry Kennedy said views expressed by Rowling recently “diminished the identity” of trans people.
Rowling says Kennedy’s implication that she is transphobic is “incorrect”.
What is the row all about?
The Harry Potter writer was criticised in June for posting tweets which took issue with the phrase “people who menstruate”.
Rowling objected to the avoidance of the use of the word “women”.
In a lengthy blog post, Rowling said her interest in trans issues stemmed from being a survivor of abuse and having concerns around single-sex spaces.
“I respect every trans person’s right to live any way that feels authentic and comfortable to them,” she wrote. “At the same time, my life has been shaped by being female. I do not believe it’s hateful to say so.”
Several film stars from the Harry Potter universe distanced themselves from her comments, including Eddie Redmayne, Daniel Radcliffe and Emma Watson.
What did Kerry Kennedy say?
Earlier this month, Kennedy posted a statement online, which read: “I have spoken with JK Rowling to express my profound disappointment that she has chosen to use her remarkable gifts to create a narrative that diminishes the identity of trans and non-binary people, undermining the validity and integrity of the entire transgender community.
“One that disproportionately suffers from violence, discrimination, harassment, and exclusion and, as a result, experiences high rates of suicide, suicide attempts, homelessness, and mental and bodily harm.
“Black trans women and trans youth in particular are targeted.”
She went on to say the organisation categorically rejected Rowling’s view that a person’s sex is the one they were assigned at birth.
“The science is clear and conclusive: Sex is not binary,” she wrote.
How has JK Rowling responded?
In a new statement published on her website, Rowling says she disagrees that “there is no conflict between the current radical trans rights movement and the rights of women”.
She noted that “thousands of women” had got in touch with her to show their support and called for a more nuanced debate.
“Clinicians, academics, therapists, teachers, social workers, and staff at prisons and women’s refuges have also contacted me,” she continued.
“These professionals, some at the very top of their organisations, have expressed serious concerns about the impact of gender identity theory on vulnerable adolescents and on women’s rights, and of the dismantling of safeguarding norms which protect the most vulnerable women.
“None of them hate trans people.”
Rowling has since received support online, and the hashtag #IStandWithJKRowling began trending on social media on Friday morning.
“There absolutely are conflicts between extreme transgender lobby demands and the rights of women and children,” wrote journalist Sonia Poulton.
Previous recipients of the award she has now decided to give back have included Barack Obama and Archbishop Desmond Tutu.