The Élysée Palace, Macron’s official residence, confirmed the news in a statement that said he was tested as soon as his symptoms appeared. All his planned trips have been cancelled, including a trip to Lebanon.
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson became the first Western leader to get the virus in April and spent a week in a London hospital. Other presidents followed, including President Donald Trump who received hospital treatment in October.
Macron will isolate for seven days and continue to work remotely, the according to the Élysée statement.
France, in common with the rest of Western Europe, has suffered severely during the pandemic with more than 2.4 million cases and almost 60,000 deaths in a country of 67 million people.
Macron announced a strict lockdown in October, with the hope of bringing new daily cases down to 5,000 a day, warning that 400,000 people could die if further measures were not taken.
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Data from Oxford University showed that new infections on Wednesday were more than twice that at over 12,000.
Mass testing centers have been set up in two towns in the hope of stemming the flow of new cases.