Coronavirus infection rate in UK creeps up

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The infection rate in the UK has gone up and is close to the point where the virus starts spreading rapidly, government scientific advice says.

The so-called “R-number” is now between 0.7 and 1.0 – it needs to be kept below one in order to stay in control.

The rise in the figures is thought to be driven by the virus spreading in care homes.

The effect of the changes to lockdown announced by the prime minister on Sunday are still unknown.

The R-number had been sitting between 0.5 and 0.9. Any increase limits the ability of politicians to lift lockdown measures.

The number of new cases is still falling in the UK, but not as quickly as in the past. Sources said that progress was “getting closer to flat”.

The latest analysis takes account of the spread of coronavirus in care homes, hospitals and more widely in society.

As the figures are based on patients ending up in hospital, they actually give a sense of the R-number from around three weeks ago.

That predates Boris Johnson’s shift in England from “stay at home” to “stay alert”, alongside encouraging some people back to work and allowing people to meet one person from outside their household outdoors.

The increase in the infection rate is said to be “consistent with” a significant fall in cases in the community and the epidemic and in turn the R-number being driven by care homes.

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Media captionWhat is the R number and what does it mean?

Sir Patrick Vallance, the government chief scientific adviser said: “To keep R below one and control the virus, it is vital that people stay alert and continue to follow the latest government guidelines to the letter.”

Regional differences

Coronavirus disease modelling, published by the University of Cambridge, has also given a picture of how different regions of England are coping.

The figures do not perfectly match those from the SAGE group of government scientific advisors because it assesses multiple models to reach its conclusions.

The Cambridge study, backed by Public Health England, shows London has made the most progress with suppressing the virus, while it is proving far more stubborn in the north-east of England.

Those figures are more optimistic than other groups calculations.

The Cambridge team calculated the figures by working backwards from the number of deaths. However, they have looked only at deaths confirmed with a genetic test rather than all deaths.

Similar work by the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine puts the number for London at 0.6 and the South West at 0.9. They also showed the R-values were 0.8 in Wales, and 1 in both Scotland and Northern Ireland.

However, claims there are now just 24 cases a day in the capital and that it could soon be free of the virus have been slammed.

There were in fact 49 people admitted to London hospitals with Covid-19 yesterday and likely hundreds of cases that did not need hospital treatment.

“I am extremely worried about the media message that London could be coronavirus free in days,” said Prof Matt Keeling, from the University of Warwick.

He added: “If people think London is coronavirus-free that could be dangerous, and could lead to complacency, undermining all the struggles and sacrifices that everyone has made so far. A relaxation of vigilance could easily see R increasing above 1, and a second epidemic wave.”

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