Albany Closes a Loophole for Trump Pardons. Next Up: His Taxes.

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The New York State Assembly passed a bill on Tuesday that would allow state prosecutors to pursue charges against any individual granted a presidential pardon for similar federal crimes, closing a loophole that lawmakers said could be exploited by President Trump in a bid to indemnify former associates.

The bill, which has already passed the State Senate and has the support of Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo, would exempt the state’s so-called double jeopardy law from cases involving presidential pardons, something supporters say is necessary to stave off the threat of maneuvers from Mr. Trump to protect associates.

On Wednesday, the Legislature is expected to pass a separate bill that would allow three congressional committees to seek Mr. Trump’s state tax returns; that bill also has Mr. Cuomo’s support.

The legislative efforts may prove a viable way to circumvent the White House’s stonewalling of attempts by the House of Representatives to investigate behavior of Mr. Trump and his subordinates. On Tuesday, Donald F. McGahn II, the former White House counsel, ignored a House subpoena to testify on attempts to obstruct the investigation into Russia’s involvement in the 2016 election.

Paul J. Manafort, the president’s former campaign chairman, is perhaps the most prominent convicted Trump associate for whom a presidential pardon is considered a possibility. In March, the Manhattan district attorney’s office charged Mr. Manafort with mortgage fraud and more than a dozen other state felonies — accusations that are separate from the federal crimes he was convicted of in 2018.

Republican lawmakers and leaders in New York have called the efforts “bills of attainder,” aimed at a single person, and attacked them again on Tuesday.

“We’re asked to set aside that fundamental concept of fairness and equity, not because we’re faced with any actual situation, but a hypothetical situation,” said Assemblyman Andy Goodell, a Republican from Jamestown, N.Y.

In remarks on the chamber floor before the vote, Assemblyman Joseph Lentol, a Democrat from Brooklyn, called passage of the double jeopardy bill a victory for states’ rights amid federal defiance.

“It has to do with presidential power, period,” Mr. Lentol said, adding, “This new law will confront any president, not just this one, who thinks that he or she can get away with washing away illegal behavior.”

Vivian Wang contributed reporting.